The most common soft tissues injured are muscles, tendons, and ligaments. These injuries often occur during sports and exercise activities; however, injuries are not uncommon simple everyday activities.
Sprains and strains are common soft-tissue injuries. Even with appropriate treatment, these injuries may require a prolonged amount of time to heal.
Soft-tissue injuries fall into two basic categories: acute injuries and overuse injuries.
• Acute injuries are caused by a sudden trauma, such as a fall, twist, or blow to the body. Examples of an acute injury include sprains, strains, and contusions.
• Overuse injuries occur gradually over time, when an athletic or other activity is repeated so often, that areas of the body do not have enough time to heal between occurrences.